Eur-Opa Major Hazards Agreement

The EUR-OPA Major Hazards Agreement: Working Together to Ensure Disaster Resilience

In today`s world, natural disasters and human-made hazards have become more frequent and intense, causing widespread damage and loss of life. The EUR-OPA Major Hazards Agreement is an international treaty signed in 1987 that aims to promote cooperation among European countries in disaster prevention, preparedness, and response. In this article, we will explore the history, purpose, and significance of the EUR-OPA Major Hazards Agreement.

History and Background

The EUR-OPA Major Hazards Agreement is a regional agreement under the Council of Europe that was initiated in response to the catastrophic accidents that occurred in the 1980s, such as the Chernobyl nuclear disaster and the Seveso chemical accident. These incidents highlighted the need for better coordination and cooperation among European countries in managing major hazards. The agreement was adopted by 22 countries in Strasbourg, France, in 1987 and has since expanded to include 27 member states.

Purpose and Objectives

The primary goal of the EUR-OPA Major Hazards Agreement is to enhance the cooperation and solidarity of European countries in preventing, preparing for, and responding to major hazards. The agreement seeks to achieve this by:

– Facilitating the exchange of information, knowledge, and expertise on hazard prevention and management among participating countries;

– Promoting the development of risk assessment methods and tools to identify potential hazards and their consequences;

– Fostering the adoption of common standards and guidelines for emergency planning and response;

– Encouraging cross-border cooperation and mutual assistance in emergency situations;

– Promoting public awareness and education on hazard prevention and mitigation.

Significance and Impact

The EUR-OPA Major Hazards Agreement has made significant contributions to strengthening the disaster resilience of European countries. By providing a platform for cooperation and sharing of best practices, the agreement has helped to improve hazard prevention and management strategies, as well as enhance the capabilities of participating countries in responding to emergencies. Through its various initiatives and activities, the agreement has facilitated the development of innovative approaches to disaster risk reduction, such as the use of technology and early warning systems.


The EUR-OPA Major Hazards Agreement is an important regional initiative that reflects the commitment of European countries to work together towards disaster resilience. The agreement has been instrumental in promoting cooperation and solidarity among participating countries and has contributed significantly to improving disaster prevention, preparedness, and response in the region. As natural hazards and human-made disasters continue to pose significant challenges to societies, the EUR-OPA Major Hazards Agreement remains a critical platform for fostering cooperation and innovation in managing major hazards.